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Tibor Rakovszky, Vedika Khemani (Feb 28 2024).

Abstract: We continue the study of classical and quantum low-density parity check (LDPC) codes from a physical perspective. We focus on constructive approaches and formulate a general framework for systematically constructing codes with various features on generic Euclidean and non-Euclidean graphs. These codes can serve as fixed-point limits for phases of matter. To build our machinery, we unpack various product constructions from the coding literature in terms of physical principles such as symmetries and redundancies, introduce a new cubic product, and combine these products with the ideas of gauging and Higgsing introduced in Part I. We illustrate the usefulness of this approach in finite Euclidean dimensions by showing that using the one-dimensional Ising model as a starting point, we can systematically produce a very large zoo of classical and quantum phases of matter, including type I and type II fractons and SPT phases with generalized symmetries. We also use the balanced product to construct new Euclidean models, including one with topological order enriched by translation symmetry, and another exotic fracton model whose excitations are formed by combining those of a fractal spin liquid with those of a toric code, resulting in exotic mobility constraints. Moving beyond Euclidean models, we give a review of existing constructions of good qLDPC codes and classical locally testable codes and elaborate on the relationship between quantum code distance and classical energy barriers, discussed in Part I, from the perspective of product constructions.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2402.16831

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