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Jong Yeon Lee (Feb 28 2024).

Abstract: The toric code is a canonical example of a topological error-correcting code. Two logical qubits stored within the toric code are robust against local decoherence, ensuring that these qubits can be faithfully retrieved as long as the error rate remains below a certain threshold. Recent studies have explored such a threshold behavior as an intrinsic information-theoretic transition, independent of the decoding protocol. These studies have shown that information-theoretic metrics, calculated using the Renyi (replica) approximation, demonstrate sharp transitions at a specific error rate. However, an exact analytic expression that avoids using the replica trick has not been shown, and the connection between the transition in information-theoretic capacity and the random bond Ising model (RBIM) has only been indirectly established. In this work, we present the first analytic expression for the coherent information of a decohered toric code, thereby establishing a rigorous connection between the fundamental error threshold and the criticality of the RBIM.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2402.16937