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Joshua Job, Isaac H. Kim, Eric Johnston, Steve Adachi (Apr 17 2024).

Abstract: We perform a detailed resource estimate for the prospect of using deep entanglement renormalization ansatz (DMERA) on a fault-tolerant quantum computer, focusing on the regime in which the target system is large. For probing a relatively large system size ($64\times 64$), we observe up to an order of magnitude reduction in the number of qubits, compared to the approaches based on quantum phase estimation (QPE). We discuss two complementary strategies to measure the energy. The first approach is based on a random sampling of the local terms of the Hamiltonian, requiring $\mathcal{O}(1/\epsilon^2)$ invocations of quantum circuits, each of which have depth of at most $\mathcal{O}(\log N)$, where $\epsilon$ is the relative precision in the energy and $N$ is the system size. The second approach is based on a coherent estimation of the expectation value of observables averaged over space, which achieves the Heisenberg scaling while incurring only a logarithmic cost in the system size. For estimating the energy per site of $\epsilon$, $\mathcal{O}\left(\frac{\log N}{\epsilon} \right)$ $T$ gates and $\mathcal{O}\left(\log N \right)$ qubits suffice. The constant factor of the leading contribution is shown to be determined by the depth of the DMERA circuit, the gates used in the ansatz, and the periodicity of the circuit. We also derive tight bounds on the variance of the energy gradient, assuming the gates are random Pauli rotations.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2404.10050