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Kaifeng Bu, Arthur Jaffe, Zixia Wei (Feb 09 2024).

Abstract: The classification of many-body quantum states plays a fundamental role in the study of quantum phases of matter. In this work, we propose an approach to classify quantum states by introducing the concept of magic class. In addition, we introduce an efficient coarse-graining procedure to extract the magic feature of states, which we call the ``convolution group (CG).’’ We classify quantum states into different magic classes using the fixed points of the CG and circuit equivalence. We also show that magic classes can be characterized by symmetries and the quantum entropy of the CG fixed points. Finally, we discuss the connection between the CG and the renormalization group. These results may provide new insight into the study of the state classification and quantum phases of matter.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2402.05780

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