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Leonardo Santos, Zhen-Peng Xu, Jyrki Piilo, Otfried Gühne (Feb 07 2024).

Abstract: We present a framework for quantifying information flow within general quantum processes. For this purpose, we introduce the signaling power of quantum channels and discuss its relevant operational properties. This function supports extensions to higher order maps, enabling the evaluation of information flow in general quantum causal networks and also processes with indefinite causal order. Furthermore, our results offer a rigorous approach to information dynamics in open systems that applies also in the presence of initial system-environment correlations, and allows for the distinction between classical and quantum information backflow.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2402.04213