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Jędrzej Burkat, Sergii Strelchuk (Apr 12 2024).

Abstract: We present a low-depth randomised algorithm for the estimation of entanglement fidelity between an $n$-qubit matchgate circuit $\mathcal{U}$ and its noisy implementation $\mathcal{E}$. Our procedure makes use of a modified Pauli-Liouville representation of quantum channels, with Clifford algebra elements as a basis. We show that this choice of representation leads to a block-diagonal compound matrix structure of matchgate superoperators which enables construction of efficient protocols for estimating the fidelity, achieving a $1/\sqrt{n}$ speedup over protocols of Flammia & Liu [PRL 106, 230501]. Finally, we offer simple extensions of our protocol which (without additional overhead) benchmark matchgate circuits intertwined by Clifford circuits, and circuits composed of exclusively nearest-neighbour $XY(\theta)$ gates or Givens rotations - forming the first known method for direct benchmarking of matchgate subgroups.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2404.07974

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