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M. Sohaib Alam, Eleanor Rieffel (Mar 07 2024).

Abstract: The Bacon-Shor code is a quantum error correcting subsystem code composed of weight 2 check operators that admits a single logical qubit, and has distance $d$ on a $d \times d$ square lattice. We show that when viewed as a Floquet code, by choosing an appropriate measurement schedule of the check operators, it can additionally host several dynamical logical qubits. Specifically, we identify a period 4 measurement schedule of the check operators that preserves logical information between the instantaneous stabilizer groups. Such a schedule measures not only the usual stabilizers of the Bacon-Shor code, but also additional stabilizers that protect the dynamical logical qubits against errors. We show that the code distance of these Floquet-Bacon-Shor codes scales as $\Theta(d/\sqrt{k})$ on a $d \times d$ lattice with $k$ dynamical logical qubits, along with the logical qubit of the parent subsystem code. Moreover, several errors are shown to be self-corrected purely by the measurement schedule itself.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2403.03291