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Philip Taranto, Patryk Lipka-Bartosik, Nayeli A. Rodríguez-Briones, Martí Perarnau-Llobet, Nicolai Friis, Marcus Huber, Pharnam Bakhshinezhad (Apr 11 2024).

Abstract: Landauer’s universal limit on heat dissipation during information erasure becomes increasingly crucial as computing devices shrink: minimising heat-induced errors demands optimal pure-state preparation. For this, however, Nernst’s third law posits an infinite-resource requirement: either energy, time, or control complexity must diverge. Here, we address the practical challenge of efficiently cooling quantum systems using finite resources. We investigate the ensuing resource trade-offs and present efficient protocols for finite distinct energy gaps in settings pertaining to coherent or incoherent control, corresponding to quantum batteries and heat engines, respectively. Expressing energy bounds through thermodynamic length, our findings illuminate the optimal distribution of energy gaps, detailing the resource limitations of preparing pure states in practical settings.

Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/2404.06649

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